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Acacia dawsonii,occurs in southern Queensland, along the slopes and tablelands of New South Wales
and extending into north-eastern Victoria. It is found in large numbers along the Waterfall Way, east
of Armidale NSW.
Some decades ago there was small roadside population 20 kilometres from Armidale. Over the years, thanks mainly to roadworks moving and damaging the seed, the population has increased considerably particularly westerly towards Armidale.
The type specimen was collected near Rylstone, NSW in 1895 by J. Dawson (hence the species name) and named by R.T. Baker. The plate is the illustration that accompanied the species description in the 1897 Proceedings of the Linnaean Society.
Golden yellow, globular flower heads cover plants in spring.
Each flower head is composed of four to eight individual flowers. Compared to other wattles this is a small number of individual flowers per head.
Pods are linear, straight to curved, about 60 cm long and five millimetres wide.
Collections in herbaria indicate the wide distribution of this wattle.
It is recorded from Stanthorpe in Queensland, Armidale, Inverell, Lithgow, Rylstone, Canberra, Tumut and Orbost, Victoria.
Seeds have been collected from plants in the Garden of Stone National Park, near Lithgow, for inclusion in the Millennium Seed Bank Project.
Propagate from seed that should be treated with boiling water and probably cuttings.
Acacia dawsonii is known as the Poverty or Mitta Wattle and is a small, erect shrub with long, narrow phyllodes.
In our garden plants reach a height of about one metre.
The Mitta Mitta area, in Victoria is also a stronghold of the species. In fact Acacia dawsonii is the floral emblem of the area, hence one of the common names.
The other common name, Poverty Wattle, may refer to the small number of flowers in each head.
Acacia dawsoniicould be cultivated as a component of low growing hedges or foreground plants in garden beds.
Unless you wish to collect the seeds, plants are best pruned after flowering to prevent plants becoming dishevelled.
Plants appear to be long-lived. Our specimens are at least ten years old.